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Sabtu, 06 Agustus 2011

Gerund dan Infinitif: Verb+Gerund/Verb+Infinitif

Gerund adalah kata kerja yang berfungs sebagai kata benda. Contoh:

  • I enjoy playing tennis. I enjoy play tennis” tidak benar.
  • We practice speaking English every day.
  • They just bought a new swimming pool.

Dalam bahasa Inggris infinitive dibentuk dari to dan kata kerja. Contoh:

  • I want to learn a new language.
  • You forgot to close the door.

Kata kerja sering diikuti dengan infinitif atau gerund dan memilih yang mana yang harus digunakan memiliki beberapa kaidah tetap, tergantung utamanya pada kata kerja individual.

Kata kerja + Gerund

Berikut beberapa contoh kata kerja yang bisa diikuti dengan gerund, tetapi tidak dapat diikuti infinitif.

admit - He admitted taking the money.
celebrate - We celebrated winning the competition.
deny - The government denied spending too little on education.
dislike - I dislike complaining.
enjoy - She enjoys meeting her friends.
finish - I finished working there last month.
imagine - I imagine being a waitress is a difficult job.
keep - Where are my keys? I keep losing them.
mind - I don’t mind waiting, we’ve got time.
miss - I miss talking with my sisters.
remember - Do you remember going to Italy?
risk - Jeff’s always late. He risks losing his job.
stop - Don’t stop singing, it’s really nice.
suggest - I suggest having lunch first.

Gerund juga digunakan setelah beberapa kata kerja frase (kata kerja yang terdiri lebih dari 1 kata). Contoh:

  • If you keep on doing the same thing, you’ll get the same results.
  • She wants to give up drinking coffee.

Kata kerja + infinitive

Berikut beberapa kata kerja umum yang bisa diikuti oleh infinitif, tetapi tidak dapat diikuti oleh gerund.

aim - I’m aiming to finish this book by the end of March.
afford - I can’t afford to buy new clothes.
agree - My boss agreed to give me a reference.
decide - We decided to have a baby.
deserve - You deserve to have a better score.
forget - Don’t forget to lock the door.
hope - I hope to go to Harvard Business School.
learn - I learnt to read when I was 3 years old.
mean - I’m sorry, I didn’t mean to make you angry.
need - You don’t need to study a lot, you need to study a little for a long time.
offer - He offered to help me carry these bags.
plan - They plan to go abroad next year.
pretend - He’s pretending to be sick.
promise - She promised to be here on time.
refuse - Why do they always refuse to listen?
seem - She seems to be really intelligent.

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